Топики по английскому

25 Ноя »

Zhytomyr region

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Zhytomyr land is a beautiful, picturesque piece of north-western Ukraine. t’s area is about 30 000 km2. Population reaches almost 1 500 000. The administrative centre of the region, the city of Zhytomyr, is more than 11 centuries old. Thousand years of history have also such towns as Korosten, Ovruch, Malin. Due to its advantageous geographical position the region has good connections with Kyiv, Lviv, Uzhgorod, Odesa, Kharkiv, Minsk, Moscow, Saint- Petersburg, as well as with the countries of Eastern and Central Europe. The region is rich in natural resources.

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25 Ноя »

Ternopil region

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The Ternopil Region is an administrative territory in Western Ukraine. Its total area is 13 800 km2, and its population is 1 200 000. The region consists of 14 districts, and has 16 cities. The region occupies the western part of the Podolian Upland. It has rich deposits of the mineral building materials: limestone, chalk, clay, and fuel resources, such as brown coal and peat. Тернопольская область — административная территория в Западной Украине. Общая площадь 13 800 км2, население — 1 200 000 чол. Область состоит из 14 районов, количество городов — 16. Область занимает западную часть Подольской возвышенности.

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24 Ноя »

Simferopol. Симферополь

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Simferopol is a city on the Salhyr River and it is the capital of the Crimea. The town developed slowly as a trading and manufacturing centre. In the early 19th century it held two annual fairs. Its tobacco, brick, and lime factories and flour mills supplied the local demands. Симферополь — город, расположенный на реке Салгир, и столица Автономной Республики Крым. Город постепенно развивался в торговый и промышленный центр. В начале 19 столетие здесь проходили два ежегодных ярмарки. Его фабрики из производства табака, кирпича и известняка и мельницы обеспечивали нужды города.

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24 Ноя »

Сумская область

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The Sumy Region is located in the north-eastern part of Ukraine. It borders on the Kursk, Bryansk and Belgorod Regions of Russia in the north and east, and on the Poltava and Kharkiv Regions of Ukraine in the north and southeast, on the Chernihiv Region of Ukraine in the west. The majority of population is Ukrainians. The Sumy Region was founded on the 10th of January 1939. There are 15 towns in this region. The Sumy Region is rich in mineral resources such as oil, gas, brown coal, salt and others. 132 rivers flow through the territory of the Sumy Region.

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24 Ноя »

Sevastopol

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Sevastopol is a large port on the Black Sea. It is a centre of shipbuilding industry. A lot of docks are situated there. The city also has well-developed light and food industries. In ancient time the town of Khersones was situated on the territory of Sevastopol. Then in 1783 a military sea fortress and port appeared. It is well-known for its heroic defence in the Crimean War in 1854-1855 and during the Second World War. Nowadays such industries as fishing and timber are the leading ones. The aquarium of the Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas is situated in the city. Sevastopol has a lot of old buildings and monuments in honour of great sea battles. This beautiful city attracts tourists from many countries of the world.

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24 Ноя »

Ровенская область

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The Rivne Region was founded on the 4th of December, 1939. It is situated in the north-western part of Ukraine and occupies the territory of 20 100 km2. It borders on the Zhytomyr, Khmelnytsk, Ternopil, Lviv and Volyn regions of Ukraine and the Brest and Gomel Regions of Belarus. As to its administrative-territorial division the region includes 10 towns and 16 districts.

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Transcarpathia, the youngest of the Ukrainian regions, is situated in the far west of the country. Since January 22, 1946 it has been included into Ukraine as administrative and territorial unit. The region is multinational. Ukrainians constitute the major part of its population. It is known that more than 75 nationalities live there. Regional economy is closely connected with its natural resources, first of all, with forests and timber processing. Transcarpathia is rich in minerals: constructing materials, brown coal, ores of non-ferrous metals, kaolin of high quality, rock salt and gas. Regional industry specializes in timber processing industry, food industry, industry of building materials, light industry. Regional agricultural complex is represented by 192 enterprises of public sector and more than a thousand farms.

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The Odesa Region is situated in southwestern Ukraine. In the south it is washed by the Black Sea. Its total area is 33 300 km2, and its population is about 2 500 000. It is divided into 26 districts, and has 18 cities. Its capital is Odesa. Although it lacks mineral resources, the Odesa Region is rich in granite, limestone, and sand, which are used for the building materials production. The moderate continental climate is characterized by hot summers and mild winters.

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The Mykolaiv Region is an administrative territory in southern Ukraine. It lies in the steppe of the Black Sea Lowland on both banks of the Buh River. Its total area is 24 600 km2, and its population is 1 300 000. It is divided into 19 regions, and 9 cities. The Region’s centre is Mykolaiv. The regions in the Buh valley are densely populated. This river with its tributaries flows into the Black Sea. The climate is temperate-continental: the summers are hot, dry, and windy. Winters are mild and there is little snowfall. The region is located in the steppe belt.

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22 Ноя »

The Volyn Region

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Винница — город, расположенный на берегах Южного Буга, и является областным центром с 1932 г. Город занимает площадь в 6100 гектаров. Число жителей составляет 391 700. Город состоит из четырех районов. Впервые в исторических документах упоминается в 1363 г. как Литовская крепость. The settlement gradually developed from a farming village into a manufacturing and trading centre. It became the region’s capital in 1932. Its chief cultural institutions are the Ukrainian Music and Drama Theatre, a puppet theatre, a philharmonic society, a literary museum dedicated to M. Kotsiubynsky, who was born in Vinnytsia, and a regional studies museum.

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