Топики по английскому

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The movies are truly an art of our time. It is the greatest aesthetic and educational force in the world today. The invention of the photography in 1828 played a very important role in the development of the cinema. 1895 became the year when the cinema was born. After the brothers Lumier had invented the cinematography, the cinema widely spread all over the world.

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23 Авг »

Аt the Cinema. В кино

Автор: | В категории: Топики по английскому
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I like to go to the cinema. When I have free time, I always go to see a new film. Мне нравится ходить в кино. Как только у меня появляется свободное время, я всегда иду смотреть новый фильм. When I want to go to the cinema I usually look in the programme what

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Alexander Bell was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1847 in a family interested in the problems of speech. Александр Белл родился в Эдинбурге, Шотландия, в 1847 году в семье, которая интересовалась проблемами языка. Both his father and his grandfather had studied the mechanics of a sound. Bell’s father had been one of the pioneer teachers of speech to the deaf. He was a world-famous inventor of “Visible Speech”, which helped deaf people to pronounce words they could not hear. Between 1868 and 1870 Alexander worked with his father and studied speech and taught deaf children in Edinburgh. In 1870 he moved to Canada and the next year he went to the USA. In 1866 the nineteen-year-old Bell started thinking about sending tones by telegraph, and it was then that there came to his mind the idea of the “harmonic telegraph”, which would send musical tones electrically from one place to another. In 1873 he was appointed a professor at Boston University. He became interested in the mechanical production of a sound, basing his work on the theories of Helmholtz. It seemed to Bell that it was possible to convert the sound wave vibrations into a fluctuating electric current. Then the current, in its turn, can be converted into sound waves identical with the original at the end of the circuit. In this way, sound could be carried across wires at the speed of light.

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Rockwell Kent was born in New York in 1882. He studied at the department of architecture at Columbia University, but did not graduate as he decided to become a painter. His first exhibition was when he was 20 years old and it brought him recognition. Still he had to earn his living and in his search for work Rockwell Kent did all kinds of things. He was an architect and a carpenter; he fished for crabs and worked on farms. Rockwell Kent travelled through all of the United States and in the Far North. He spent many years in Alaska, Greenland, Canada and in Patagonia.

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Winslow Homer, one of the greatest American painters, was a self-taught artist. His first important painting “Prisoners from the Front” was finished in 1866 and made him one of the most well-known painters in America. His post-war paintings dealt with American country life: farm scenes, children, pretty girls, summer resorts. “The Morning Bell”, “The Country School”, “Glouster Farm” are down-to-earth paintings showing ordinary people doing their everyday work. In the eyes of contemporary writer, Henry James, his paintings seemed hopelessly unfinished and ugly. In the 1860s his subject matter and his style underwent a change. He concentrated on the nature and mankind: the mountains, the forest and particularly the sea.

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22 Авг »

John Sloan. Джон Слоун

Автор: | В категории: Топики по английскому
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In 1908 a group of young artists started an exhibition of their paintings which had been rejected by the National Academy, at the Macbeth Gallery, New York. The impact of them was enormous. They broke down academic idealism and fostered a keen interest in contemporary American life. They achieved for American art what Theodore Dreiser did for the literary world: they turned attention toward the common people and their daily lives. John Sloan was the youngest of the group. He began to paint seriously when he was twenty-six but his career as a painter really started when he moved to New York in 1904. Then he fell in love with the city, and became its leading realistic interpreter of the time.

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George Gershwin was one of the first composers to use jazz themes within classical music forms. George Gershwin was born on September 26, 1898, in Brooklyn. He was the son of Russian immigrants whose name had been Gershovitz. He began studying piano at the age of 12. At 16 he left high school to work as a pianist for a music publishing company. His first song was published in 1916. The first musical for which Gershwin wrote all the music was “La, La Lucille”, produced in 1919. Джордж Гершвин был одним из первых композиторов, которые использовали джазовые темы в классических музыкальных формах. Джордж Гершвин родился 26 сентября 1898 года в Бруклине. Он был сыном русских эмигрантов, чья фамилия была Гершовиц. Он стал изучать игру на пианино в возрасте 12 лет. В 16 лет он бросил школу, чтобы работать пианистом в музыкальном издательстве. Его первая песня была опубликована в 1916 году. Первый мюзикл, к которому Гершвин написал всю музыку, был «Ла, ла, Люсиль», выполненный в 1919 году.

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Rockwell Kent was born in New York in 1882. He studied at the department of architecture at Columbia University, but did not graduate as he decided to become a painter. His first exhibition was when he was 20 years old and it brought him recognition. Still he had to earn his living and in his search for work Rockwell Kent did all kinds of things. He was an architect and a carpenter; he fished for crabs and worked on farms. Rockwell Kent travelled through all of the United States and in the Far North. He spent many years in Alaska, Greenland, Canada and in Patagonia.

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1 кол2 пара3 трояк4 хорошо5 отлично (Еще не оценили)
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Winslow Homer, one of the greatest American painters, was a self-taught artist. His first important painting “Prisoners from the Front” was finished in 1866 and made him one of the most well-known painters in America. His post-war paintings dealt with American country life: farm scenes, children, pretty girls, summer resorts. “The Morning Bell”, “The Country School”, “Glouster Farm” are down-to-earth paintings showing ordinary people doing their everyday work. In the eyes of contemporary writer, Henry James, his paintings seemed hopelessly unfinished and ugly. In the 1860s his subject matter and his style underwent a change. He concentrated on the nature and mankind: the mountains, the forest and particularly the sea.

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21 Авг »

John Sloan. Джон Слоун

Автор: | В категории: Топики по английскому
1 кол2 пара3 трояк4 хорошо5 отлично (Еще не оценили)
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In 1908 a group of young artists started an exhibition of their paintings which had been rejected by the National Academy, at the Macbeth Gallery, New York. The impact of them was enormous. They broke down academic idealism and fostered a keen interest in contemporary American life. They achieved for American art what Theodore Dreiser did for the literary world: they turned attention toward the common people and their daily lives. John Sloan was the youngest of the group. He began to paint seriously when he was twenty-six but his career as a painter really started when he moved to New York in 1904. Then he fell in love with the city, and became its leading realistic interpreter of the time.

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