Топики по английскому

21 Авг »

Joe Hill. Джо Хилл

Автор: | В категории: Топики по английскому
1 кол2 пара3 трояк4 хорошо5 отлично (1голосов, средний: 5,00 out of 5)
Загрузка...

Somebody once said, “Poets are born not made”. Some people think it is true, and some think it is not, but everybody agrees that Joe Hill was a born poet. He did not learn the art of poetry at schools or colleges, but he always wrote poems and songs — while he worked and while he was looking for work, when he was free and when he was in prison. Like thousands of other American workers in the years of depression before World War I, a tall, strong, energetic young Joe Hill was more often jobless than employed. He did anything and everywhere. He was an agricultural worker on western farms. He worked on the docks of San Francisco, and in the food industry factories of the east. Together with thousands of other jobless workers Joe Hill moved across America from the Atlantic to the Pacific looking for something to do. Nobody helped these people. Only skilled workers could be members of the American Federation of Labour trade unions. In 1905, a new trade-union organization, the Industrial Workers of the World, was oraganized. Joe Hill joined this organization and soon became one of the most active organizers in the labour movement. Joe Hill’s songs and poems helped the workers to unite and fight for their rights.

Прочитать все »

*/?>
1 кол2 пара3 трояк4 хорошо5 отлично (Еще не оценили)
Загрузка...

Theodore Dreiser is a famous American writer and publicist. Теодор Драйзер — известный американский писатель и публицист. He was born in 1871 in the state of Indiana. He was the 12th child in the family. His mother came from the family of Czech immigrants and his father came to America from Germany and was a factory worker. Since his early childhood the boy knew what poverty was. In 1887 he moved to Chicago where he worked in restaurants washing dishes and cleaning. For a short period of time he studied at the University of Indiana. Working at the newspaper “Chicago Daily Globe” he started to publish his first sketches and stories. His first novel “Sister Carrie” is a story about real life. One of his elder sisters, Emma, was the main character of the novel. The story about the girl, who became an actress at a high price of losing her best human qualities was considered to be immoral by critics. The feature of American literature that struck Dreiser most of all was the contradiction between the real life and the life described in literary works. That is why Dreiser’s works always depicted the life of common people, the cruelty of their existence in American society. His novel “An American Tragedy” was the sign of critical realism in the American literature of the 20th century. In his three novels “The Financier”, “The Titan”, and “The Stoic” Dreiser described the life of financier Cauperwood. He is not only a cruel American businessman, a person without “soul and heart”, but a very tragic figure.

Прочитать все »

*/?>
21 Авг »

Mark Twain. Марк Твен

Автор: | В категории: Топики по английскому
1 кол2 пара3 трояк4 хорошо5 отлично (2голосов, средний: 5,00 out of 5)
Загрузка...

Mark Twain is a famous American writer and a journalist. His real name was Samuel Clemens. He was born in 1835 in Florida. Mark Twain started his literary career rather late. He worked as a journalist in newspapers in Nevada and California during the years of the Civil War. His father died when the boy was only 12 years old. Twain had to start working with his brother. In 1857 he became a sailor on the Mississippi. After the Civil War he worked as a reporter for the “Territorial Enterprise” in Virginia City. His witty style, characterizing all his following works, was formed during his work in that newspaper. Soon after his first stories had been published he received the fame of the first humourist of America. “The Gilded Age”, “My Watch”, “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer” appeared during this period in Twain’s literary career. The characteristic features of American comical folklore found their place in Twain’s creative works. He ignores all the rules of the “true” art and laughs at the European civilization. As the Americans of his times he believes in democratic America, creating a new culture, ignoring all previous experience of mankind. His removal to New York and his marriage to a daughter of a coal tycoon changed a lot in his life.

Прочитать все »

*/?>
1 кол2 пара3 трояк4 хорошо5 отлично (1голосов, средний: 1,00 out of 5)
Загрузка...

O’Henry’s real name was William Sydney Porter. He was born in Greensboro, a little town in North Carolina in 1862. O’Henry is one of the most widely published American authors. His works have been translated into nearly every language. He has been called “the American Maupassant” and is ranked among the world’s outstanding short-story writers. The best of these were published in books: “Cabbages and Kings”, “The Fourth Million”, “Heart of the West”, “The Voice of the City” and others. The works of O’Henry reflect a specific period in American literature — the turn of the centuries. O’Henry’s comments on society had a considerable force. His credo was — art should be true, democratic, it should address contemporary life and embrace all aspects of life.

Прочитать все »

*/?>
1 кол2 пара3 трояк4 хорошо5 отлично (2голосов, средний: 5,00 out of 5)
Загрузка...

The fates of many famous people of America have very much in common. Thus, one of the most well- known statesmen of the USA, Abraham Lincoln, was born in 1809. His father was a poor farmer and the boy had to work much on their small farm. But he read a lot, too. When he grew older he felt a strong interest to law. He became a lawyer and he always tried to use the law to defend people. In 1846 he was elected to Congress. There he said he was against slavery. In 1860 he became the President of the USA. In 1864 Abraham Lincoln was elected the President again, but a year later he was killed by his enemies in a theatre in Washington. An American inventor, Thomas Alva Edison, was born in Ohio in 1847. His family was not rich and the boy’s education was limited to three months in the public school. When he was 12 he started to work. Several years later Edison learned telegraphy and became a telegraph operator. He wanted to improve the telegraph system and worked very hard at it.

Прочитать все »

*/?>
1 кол2 пара3 трояк4 хорошо5 отлично (1голосов, средний: 5,00 out of 5)
Загрузка...

Thomas Gainsborough was a master of English school of painting. He was a portraitist and a landscape painter. He was born in Sudbury in 1727 and was the son of a merchant. His father sent him to London to study arts. He spent 8 years working and studying in London. There he got acquainted with the Flemish traditional school of painting. Томас Гейнсборо был мастером английской школы живописи. Он рисовал портреты и пейзажи. Он родился в Садбери в 1727 году и был сыном купца. Его отец отправил его в Лондон научиться живописи. Он провел 8 лет в Лондоне, работая и получая образование. Там он познакомился с фламандской традиционной школой живописи.

Прочитать все »

*/?>
1 кол2 пара3 трояк4 хорошо5 отлично (5голосов, средний: 4,80 out of 5)
Загрузка...

Joseph Turner, the greatest English romantic landscape painter, was born in Covent Garden, London, on the 23rd of April in 1775. He was the son of a fashionable barber. He started drawing and painting as a small boy. His father used to sell the boy’s drawings to his customers. In such a way he earned money which his father paid for his lessons in art. At the age of 14 he entered the Royal Academy School. His water- colours were exhibited at the Royal Academy from the time he was fifteen. At 18 he set up his own studio. Turner worked at first in water-colours, then in oils. Between 1802 and 1809 Turner painted a series of sea- pieces, among them “Sun Rising in Mist”. The masterpieces of this period are “The Lake of Geneva”, “Frosty Morning”, “Crossing the Brook”, etc. In 1819 Turner got out on his first visit to Italy. During the journey he made about 1500 drawings and the next few years he painted a series of pictures inspired by what he had seen.

Прочитать все »

*/?>
20 Авг »

Robert Burns. Роберт Бернс

Автор: | В категории: Топики по английскому
1 кол2 пара3 трояк4 хорошо5 отлично (1голосов, средний: 5,00 out of 5)
Загрузка...

Robert Burns is the world famous Scottish poet. He was born in a small village in the south-west of Scotland. The village is called Alloway. In Alloway visitors can see this clay built cottage. Robert Burns was born here on January 25th, 1759. The cottage belonged to William Burns, Robert’s father. The family was quite poor but hard working, honest and proud. Many years later Robert Burns wrote: “The cottage leaves the palace far behind”. When Robert’s father died, Robert was left to farm for himself.

Прочитать все »

*/?>
1 кол2 пара3 трояк4 хорошо5 отлично (Еще не оценили)
Загрузка...

Environment pollution problem is paid much attention to in the USA. Different environmentalists and environmental societies, like. Проблеме загрязнения окружающей среды отводится много внимания в США. Разные ученые и общества по защите окружающей среды, такие как Wilderness Society, try to improve the situation. The level of damage to the forests in the USA is really high. The construction of new roads and the need of wood influenced the cuttings of large areas of forest. As a result some rare species of animals, and some plants can disappear. For example, the pacific yew, containing a cancer-fighting compound. American environmentalists are also disturbed by the problem of global warming.

Прочитать все »

*/?>
1 кол2 пара3 трояк4 хорошо5 отлично (1голосов, средний: 5,00 out of 5)
Загрузка...

Protection of environment is paid much attention to in Great Britain. Global warming, ozone layer problem, air and water pollution, industrial wastes are in the centre of different state and public actions. В Великобритании много внимания отводится защиты окружающей среды. Глобальное потепление, проблемы озонового слоя, загрязнение воды и воздух, проблема промышленных отходов находятся в центре разных государственных и общественных акций.

Прочитать все »

*/?>



Всезнайкин блог © 2009-2015